Romanticism 101, by Anaika Ajay

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The art movement, originated in Europe, in the late 18th century, around 1770-1850.Romanticism did not have a specific medium, artists were free to express their moods solely through art, preventing the movement from being defined by something specific.

Although it is known to be a very free form/ movement in the arts, it can be characterised by a list of elements found in the artworks, including; the celebration of nature, focusing on the inner self and freedom of expression of emotions. Also, individuality, goodness of humanity, idealising women, heroism, sense and sensuality, and ruins and relics of Ancient past.“Romantic artists were apt to make statements about anything (or nothing), dependent on how an individual artist felt about any given topic on any given day. Francisco de Goya’s work explored madness and oppression, while Caspar David Friedrich found endless inspiration in moonlight and fog.”1Romanticism was a direct response to Neoclassicism, the movement that preceded Romanticism. A rebellion of sorts.

Neoclassicism drew inspiration from Greco- Roman ideals, with European artists set to bring back classical art with their rediscovery of Pompeii and Herculaneum; Romanticism took out the references and replaced them with strong paradoxical elements that evoke emotion, while still keeping techniques such as perspective, proportions, and symmetry intact |(from Neoclassicism/ Classical Renaissance.)Artists, especially street artists still use Romanticism in their works today to relay powerful messages about the environment and other social issues.

Artwork- Moonrise over the Sea by Caspar David Friedrich, Oil on Canvas, 1822.

Artwork- Moonrise over the Sea by Caspar David Friedrich, Oil on Canvas, 1822.

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